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作者:帝开徒建 来源:原创 发布日期:01-14

北京赛车平台

?前言


?

  基于之前两篇(《spring boot高性能实现二维码扫码登录(上)——单服务器版》和《spring boot高性能实现二维码扫码登录(中)——Redis版》)的基。?颐鞘褂孟?⒍恿械亩┰挠敕⒉祭词迪侄??肷?氲锹嫉男Ч。

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一、实现原理


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1.参考微信的二维码登录机制

首先,请求后端拿到二维码。然后通过http长连接请求后端,并获取登录认证信息。这时,当二维码被扫,则记录seesion并跳转至内部页面。

如果没有扫码二维码,则线程会等到30秒(也有的说是20秒),如果再此期间,二维码被扫,则唤醒线程。如果二维码没有被扫,并且30秒等待结束,则前端页面再次请求服务器。

2.线程等待机制

我使用CountDownLatch来控制线程的等待和唤醒。控制器返回Callable<>对象来达到“非阻塞”的目的。

3.订阅与广播机制

参考:https://spring.io/guides/gs/messaging-redis/

使用redis的消息队列机制,当然使用别的中间件来做消息队列是可以的。这里是为了演示方便才使用redis,时间项目中我很少用redis做消息队列。

使用单例模式存储一个Map<>对象,用于保存登录状态。当在30秒内请求不到被扫的结果,则阻塞线程。当二维码被扫后,通过redis发送广播,当其中后端服务器(可以是多台服务器)接收到广播后,唤醒被请求的那台服务器的线程。

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二、代码编写


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<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>

    <groupId>com.demo</groupId>
    <artifactId>auth</artifactId>
    <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
    <packaging>jar</packaging>

    <name>auth</name>
    <description>二维码登录</description>

    <parent>
        <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
        <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-parent</artifactId>
        <version>2.0.0.RELEASE</version>
        <relativePath /> <!-- lookup parent from repository -->
    </parent>

    <properties>
        <project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
        <project.reporting.outputEncoding>UTF-8</project.reporting.outputEncoding>
        <java.version>1.8</java.version>
    </properties>

    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-thymeleaf</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-devtools</artifactId>
            <scope>runtime</scope>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-test</artifactId>
            <scope>test</scope>
        </dependency>

        <!-- zxing -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.google.zxing</groupId>
            <artifactId>core</artifactId>
            <version>3.3.0</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.google.zxing</groupId>
            <artifactId>javase</artifactId>
            <version>3.3.0</version>
        </dependency>

        <!-- redis -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-data-redis</artifactId>
        </dependency>

        <!-- session -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.session</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-session-data-redis</artifactId>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>commons-codec</groupId>
            <artifactId>commons-codec</artifactId>
        </dependency>

    </dependencies>

    <build>
        <plugins>
            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
                <artifactId>spring-boot-maven-plugin</artifactId>
            </plugin>
        </plugins>
    </build>


</project>
pom.xml

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存储登录状态和接收广播的类:Receiver

package com.demo.auth;

import java.util.Map;
import java.util.concurrent.ConcurrentHashMap;
import java.util.concurrent.CountDownLatch;

public class Receiver {

    public static final String TOPIC_NAME = "login";
    /**
     * 存储登录状态
     */
    private Map<String, CountDownLatch> loginMap = new ConcurrentHashMap<>();

    /**
     * 接收登录广播
     * 
     * @param loginId
     */
    public void receiveLogin(String loginId) {

        if (loginMap.containsKey(loginId)) {
            CountDownLatch latch = loginMap.get(loginId);
            if (latch != null) {
                // 唤醒登录等待线程
                latch.countDown();
            }
        }
    }

    public CountDownLatch getLoginLatch(String loginId) {
        CountDownLatch latch = null;
        if (!loginMap.containsKey(loginId)) {
            latch = new CountDownLatch(1);
            loginMap.put(loginId, latch);
        } else
            latch = loginMap.get(loginId);

        return latch;
    }

    public void removeLoginLatch(String loginId) {
        if (loginMap.containsKey(loginId)) {
            loginMap.remove(loginId);
        }
    }
}

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bean配置类:

package com.demo.auth;

import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.data.redis.connection.RedisConnectionFactory;
import org.springframework.data.redis.core.StringRedisTemplate;
import org.springframework.data.redis.listener.PatternTopic;
import org.springframework.data.redis.listener.RedisMessageListenerContainer;
import org.springframework.data.redis.listener.adapter.MessageListenerAdapter;

@Configuration
public class BeanConfig {

    @Bean
    public StringRedisTemplate template(RedisConnectionFactory connectionFactory) {
        return new StringRedisTemplate(connectionFactory);
    }

    @Bean
    public RedisMessageListenerContainer container(RedisConnectionFactory connectionFactory,
            MessageListenerAdapter listenerAdapter) {

        RedisMessageListenerContainer container = new RedisMessageListenerContainer();
        container.setConnectionFactory(connectionFactory);

        // 订阅登录消息
        container.addMessageListener(listenerAdapter, new PatternTopic(Receiver.TOPIC_NAME));
        return container;
    }

    @Bean
    public MessageListenerAdapter listenerAdapter(Receiver receiver) {
        // 方法名
        String methodName = "receiveLogin";
        return new MessageListenerAdapter(receiver, methodName);
    }

    @Bean
    public Receiver receiver() {
        return new Receiver();
    }

}

?

控制器类:

package com.demo.auth;

import java.awt.image.BufferedImage;
import java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Hashtable;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.UUID;
import java.util.concurrent.Callable;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;

import javax.imageio.ImageIO;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpSession;

import org.apache.commons.codec.binary.Base64;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.data.redis.core.StringRedisTemplate;
import org.springframework.data.redis.core.ValueOperations;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.ui.Model;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.GetMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.PathVariable;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.ResponseBody;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.SessionAttribute;

import com.google.zxing.BarcodeFormat;
import com.google.zxing.EncodeHintType;
import com.google.zxing.MultiFormatWriter;
import com.google.zxing.common.BitMatrix;
import com.google.zxing.qrcode.decoder.ErrorCorrectionLevel;

/**
 * 控制器
 * 
 * @author 刘冬博客http://www.cnblogs.com/GoodHelper
 *
 */
@Controller
public class MainController {

    private static final String LOGIN_KEY = "key.value.login.";

    @Autowired
    private Receiver receiver;

    @Autowired
    private StringRedisTemplate redisTemplate;

    @GetMapping({ "/", "index" })
    public String index(Model model, @SessionAttribute(WebSecurityConfig.SESSION_KEY) String user) {
        model.addAttribute("user", user);
        return "index";
    }

    @GetMapping("login")
    public String login() {
        return "login";
    }

    /**
     * 获取二维码
     * 
     * @return
     */
    @GetMapping("login/getQrCode")
    public @ResponseBody Map<String, Object> getQrCode() throws Exception {
        Map<String, Object> result = new HashMap<>();

        String loginId = UUID.randomUUID().toString();
        result.put("loginId", loginId);

        // app端登录地址
        String loginUrl = "http://localhost:8080/login/setUser/loginId/";
        result.put("loginUrl", loginUrl);
        result.put("image", createQrCode(loginUrl));

        ValueOperations<String, String> opsForValue = redisTemplate.opsForValue();
        opsForValue.set(LOGIN_KEY + loginId, loginId, 5, TimeUnit.MINUTES);
        return result;
    }

    /**
     * app二维码登录地址,这里为了测试才传{user},实际项目中user是通过其他方式传值
     * 
     * @param loginId
     * @param user
     * @return
     */
    @GetMapping("login/setUser/{loginId}/{user}")
    public @ResponseBody Map<String, Object> setUser(@PathVariable String loginId, @PathVariable String user) {

        ValueOperations<String, String> opsForValue = redisTemplate.opsForValue();
        String value = opsForValue.get(LOGIN_KEY + loginId);

        if (value != null) {
            // 保存认证信息
            opsForValue.set(LOGIN_KEY + loginId, user, 1, TimeUnit.MINUTES);

            // 发布登录广播消息
            redisTemplate.convertAndSend(Receiver.TOPIC_NAME, loginId);
        }

        Map<String, Object> result = new HashMap<>();
        result.put("loginId", loginId);
        result.put("user", user);
        return result;
    }

    /**
     * 等待二维码扫码结果的长连接
     * 
     * @param loginId
     * @param session
     * @return
     */
    @GetMapping("login/getResponse/{loginId}")
    public @ResponseBody Callable<Map<String, Object>> getResponse(@PathVariable String loginId, HttpSession session) {

        // 非阻塞
        Callable<Map<String, Object>> callable = () -> {

            Map<String, Object> result = new HashMap<>();
            result.put("loginId", loginId);

            try {
                ValueOperations<String, String> opsForValue = redisTemplate.opsForValue();
                String user = opsForValue.get(LOGIN_KEY + loginId);
                // 长时间不扫码,二维码失效。需重新获二维码
                if (user == null) {
                    result.put("success", false);
                    result.put("stats", "refresh");
                    return result;
                }

                // 已登录
                if (!user.equals(loginId)) {
                    // 登录成,认证信息写入session
                    session.setAttribute(WebSecurityConfig.SESSION_KEY, user);
                    result.put("success", true);
                    result.put("stats", "ok");
                    return result;
                }

                // 等待二维码被扫
                try {
                    // 线程等待30秒
                    receiver.getLoginLatch(loginId).await(30, TimeUnit.SECONDS);
                } catch (Exception e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }

                result.put("success", false);
                result.put("stats", "waiting");
                return result;

            } finally {
                // 移除登录请求
                receiver.removeLoginLatch(loginId);
            }
        };

        return callable;
    }

    /**
     * 生成base64二维码
     * 
     * @param content
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     */
    private String createQrCode(String content) throws Exception {
        try (ByteArrayOutputStream out = new ByteArrayOutputStream()) {
            Hashtable<EncodeHintType, Object> hints = new Hashtable<EncodeHintType, Object>();
            hints.put(EncodeHintType.ERROR_CORRECTION, ErrorCorrectionLevel.H);
            hints.put(EncodeHintType.CHARACTER_SET, "utf-8");
            hints.put(EncodeHintType.MARGIN, 1);
            BitMatrix bitMatrix = new MultiFormatWriter().encode(content, BarcodeFormat.QR_CODE, 400, 400, hints);
            int width = bitMatrix.getWidth();
            int height = bitMatrix.getHeight();
            BufferedImage image = new BufferedImage(width, height, BufferedImage.TYPE_INT_RGB);
            for (int x = 0; x < width; x++) {
                for (int y = 0; y < height; y++) {
                    image.setRGB(x, y, bitMatrix.get(x, y) ? 0xFF000000 : 0xFFFFFFFF);
                }
            }
            ImageIO.write(image, "JPG", out);
            return Base64.encodeBase64String(out.toByteArray());
        }
    }

    @GetMapping("/logout")
    public String logout(HttpSession session) {
        // 移除session
        session.removeAttribute(WebSecurityConfig.SESSION_KEY);
        return "redirect:/login";
    }
}

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?

?

登录处理类:

package com.demo.auth;

import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpSession;

import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.config.annotation.InterceptorRegistration;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.config.annotation.InterceptorRegistry;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.config.annotation.WebMvcConfigurer;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.handler.HandlerInterceptorAdapter;

/**
 * 登录配置 博客出处:http://www.cnblogs.com/GoodHelper/
 *
 */
@Configuration
public class WebSecurityConfig implements WebMvcConfigurer {

    /**
     * 登录session key
     */
    public final static String SESSION_KEY = "user";

    @Bean
    public SecurityInterceptor getSecurityInterceptor() {
        return new SecurityInterceptor();
    }

    public void addInterceptors(InterceptorRegistry registry) {
        InterceptorRegistration addInterceptor = registry.addInterceptor(getSecurityInterceptor());

        // 排除配置
        addInterceptor.excludePathPatterns("/error");
        addInterceptor.excludePathPatterns("/login");
        addInterceptor.excludePathPatterns("/login/**");
        // 拦截配置
        addInterceptor.addPathPatterns("/**");
    }

    private class SecurityInterceptor extends HandlerInterceptorAdapter {

        @Override
        public boolean preHandle(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response, Object handler)
                throws Exception {
            HttpSession session = request.getSession();
            if (session.getAttribute(SESSION_KEY) != null)
                return true;

            // 跳转登录
            String url = "/login";
            response.sendRedirect(url);
            return false;
        }
    }
}

?

application.properties:

# session
spring.session.store-type=redis

  

前端页面index.html和login.html保存和之前一直:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html xmlns:th="http://www.thymeleaf.org">
<head>
<meta charset="UTF-8">
<title>二维码登录</title>
</head>
<body>
    <h1>二维码登录</h1>
    <h4>
        <a target="_blank" href="http://www.cnblogs.com/GoodHelper/">from
            刘冬的博客</a>
    </h4>
    <h3 th:text=""登录用户:" + ${user}"></h3>
    <br />
    <a href="/logout">注销</a>
</body>
</html>
index.html

?

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html xmlns:th="http://www.thymeleaf.org">
<head>
<meta charset="UTF-8">
<title>二维码登录</title>
<script src="//cdn.bootcss.com/angular.js/1.5.6/angular.min.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript">
    /*<![CDATA[*/
    var app = angular.module("app", []);
    app.controller("MainController", function($rootScope, $scope, $http) {
        //二维码图片src
        $scope.src = null;

        //获取二维码
        $scope.getQrCode = function() {
            $http.get("/login/getQrCode").success(function(data) {
                if (!data || !data.loginId || !data.image)
                    return;
                $scope.src = "data:image/png;base64," + data.image
                $scope.getResponse(data.loginId)
            });
        }

        //获取登录响应
        $scope.getResponse = function(loginId) {
            $http.get("/login/getResponse/" + loginId).success(function(data) {
                if (!data) {
                    setTimeout($scope.getQrCode(), 1000);
                    return;
                }
                //一秒后,重新获取登录二维码
                if (!data.success) {
                    if (data.stats == "waiting") {
                        //一秒后再次调用
                        setTimeout(function() {
                            $scope.getResponse(loginId);
                        }, 1000);
                    } else {
                        //重新获取二维码
                        setTimeout(function() {
                            $scope.getQrCode(loginId);
                        }, 1000);
                    }
                    return;
                }

                //登录成功,进去首页
                location.href = "/"
            }).error(function(data, status) {
                //一秒后,重新获取登录二维码
                setTimeout(function() {
                    $scope.getQrCode(loginId);
                }, 1000);
            })
        }

        $scope.getQrCode();

    });
    /*]]>*/
</script>
</head>
<body ng-app="app" ng-controller="MainController">
    <h1>扫码登录</h1>
    <h4>
        <a target="_blank" href="http://www.cnblogs.com/GoodHelper/">from
            刘冬的博客</a>
    </h4>
    <img ng-show="src" ng-src="{{src}}" />
</body>
</html>
login.html

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App.java:

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发布时间:01:18:37

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